Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative (NPDI)
Foreign Ministers of the NPDI Member States during the Fourth Ministerial Meeting
in Istanbul, Turkey, June 2012
The UAE is a founding member of the Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative (NPDI), which was established by the NPT non-nuclear weapon states Australia, Canada, Chile, Germany, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Poland, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates in 2010. The Philippines and Nigeria joined the Initiative in 2013. The NPDI Ministers reaffirmed its joint intention to work toward achieving nuclear disarmament and the strengthening of the international non-proliferation regime.
The NPDI was founded to promote and support implementation of the commitments made by all NPT Member States, and to advocate further progress through practical contributions and proposals. Additionally, the Initiative fully supports the renewed call for the total elimination of nuclear weapons as the only guarantee against their use or threat of use.
Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT)
GICNT Mid-Year meeting of the IAG in Madrid, February 2013
The UAE is a partner nation of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism
(GICNT). This Initiative is aimed at strengthening global capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to nuclear terrorism by conducting multilateral activities that strengthen the plans, policies, procedures of partner nations.
Established in July 2006, the GICNT is co-chaired by the United States and the Russian Federation. The Initiative is based on the Conventions for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, the Convention of the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and its 2005 Amendment.
It also incorporates United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1373 and 1540.
Currently, 85 partner nations convene every year for Plenary Meetings to evaluate the progress of the GICNT and identify future priorities and goals for its Members.
The 2010 GICNT Plenary Meeting was convened on 28-29 June in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, comprising a total of 82 participants. This Plenary Meeting resulted in the adoption of revised terms of reference that more clearly define participant roles and responsibilities and established concrete mechanisms for GICNT implementation. The Implementation and Assessment Group (IAG) was established in Abu Dhabi in which Spain was selected to serve as the first IAG Coordinator through 2013.
The next scheduled Plenary will take place in Mexico in 2013.
Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)
The UAE is a signatory to the Proliferation Security Initiative
(PSI), which is aimed at stopping shipments of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), their delivery systems and related materials worldwide. The PSI was formed to increase international cooperation in interdicting shipments of WMD, their delivery systems, and related materials. The Initiative does not create a new legal framework but aims to use existing national authorities and international law to achieve its goals. Initially, 11 nations signed on to the “Statement of Interdiction Principles” that guides PSI cooperation. In support of this Initiative, the UAE has hosted training exercises.
International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC)
The International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC), formerly the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP), is a partnership of countries aiming to ensure that new nuclear initiatives meet the highest standards of safety, security and non-proliferation. Since 2011, the United Arab Emirates is a participant of the forum along with other 31 participant countries.
Today the International Framework consists of 32 participants, 3 permanent international observers, and 31 observer countries.
Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, DC, 2010
President Barack Obama and HH Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, during the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, DC, 2010
The Nuclear Security Summit first hosted by US President Barack Obama on 12-13 April 2010 in Washington DC, was aimed at enhancing international cooperation to prevent nuclear terrorism, an issue which was identified as the most challenging threat to global security.
Along with 40 other nations assembled at the Summit, the UAE recognized the need to come to a common understanding regarding the threat posed by nuclear terrorism. At the Summit, participants agreed on effective measures to secure nuclear material, and to prevent nuclear smuggling and terrorism.
The UAE delegation was headed by His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul, 2012
HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and South Korean President Lee Myung-bak, 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit
The central purpose of the second global Nuclear Security Summit was to follow up on developments since the Washington Summit in 2010 in the context of its outcome. The Washington Summit and its communiqué view nuclear terrorism as the biggest threat. The Washington Communiqué and the Work Plan (which consists of 50 measures in 11 areas) set the Agenda for the Seoul Summit.
During the Summit, H.H. Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed announced two initiatives:
- UAE's contribution of $1 million dollars for the expansion and enhancement of the IAEA's Safeguards Analytical Laboratory;
- UAE hosting of an international conference on the safety and security radioactive sources, which will be held in Oct 2013 in Abu Dhabi.
The UAE is working with the US Department of Energy to implement the Megaports Initiative, a cooperative effort aimed at deterring terrorists from using the world's seaports to ship illicit materials; detecting nuclear or radioactive materials if shipped via sea cargo; and interdicting harmful materials so they cannot be used by terrorists.
To reinforce national detection capacity, the UAE has established, under Federal Law by Decree No. 13 of 2007, a legal regime for commodities that are subject to import and export control procedures, including the list of export-controlled technologies addressing nuclear materials, technologies and equipment. In connection with the Megaport project, detection equipment was installed in Dubai Port.