The United Arab Emirates is committed to the highest standards of safety and security.
Presented as one of the cornerstones of the “Policy of the UAE on the Evaluation and Potential Development of Peaceful Nuclear Energy,” this policy statement is reinforced by the country’s cross-cutting commitment to operational transparency and non-proliferation.
The decision to proceed with a nuclear power program in the UAE was based on an extensive national advisory and consultative process, recognizing the construction of the first nuclear plant in the country is a long-term commitment which poses specific requirements for a national nuclear power infrastructure and for participation in the international network on nuclear safety. The UAE has taken early actions to fulfill their responsibilities to nuclear safety as recommended by IAEA.
For example, one of the five specific policy goals presented in the UAE policy requires “the highest possible standards of safety and security” to be met by achieving the following attributes:
Meeting the IAEA requirements and developing the highest regulatory standards
Establishing a culture of safety that permeates and influences decisions and actions of all who are associated with the program
Developing the necessary national human resources to sustainably support a nuclear program
Building robust “risk aware” security arrangements to protect plants and facilities
Planning for long term decommissioning
Committed to meeting or exceeding the highest international standards for safety & security the UAE intends to be a world-model for implementation of IAEA standards. The regulatory authority, FANR, relies on existing international standards as well as from recognized leading regulatory agencies around the world.
UAE adopts the following basic safety objective: “safety, security, environmental protection, and safeguards are as high as reasonably achievable”.
Support through international cooperation is also an important part of the plan to adopt the highest standards for safety. The UAE is party to the international conventions on nuclear safety including The Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident; The Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency; and the comprehensive Convention on Nuclear Safety. The UAE prepared and presented two National Report under Convention on Nuclear Safety (Download from Documents Section)
In 1987, the UAE concluded two conventions on safety:
In 2009, the UAE became party to two major IAEA instruments on the safety of nuclear facilities and the safety of nuclear waste:
Developing and Maintaining a Program-wide Culture of Safety
While it is clear the ultimate responsibility for safety rests with the operator, adoption of these international standards demonstrates that UAE expects an adequate level of safety consciousness and acceptance of personal responsibility by all participants in the nuclear project. The safety responsibilities of all stakeholders are recognized, including those of government authorities, vendors and regulators.
Coincident with start of construction, plans for hiring, development and training have been developed to ensure a well-trained and qualified staff will be available well before plant starts operation. Selected candidates from the UAE are enrolled in nuclear engineering programs in the United States and other countries, and partnerships with local educational institutions have strengthened the potential pipeline for talented employees. Programs for selection and training of operators, technicians and maintenance workers under in place and under continues development. Targeted hiring and recruiting efforts to staff the current organizations have attracted a wealth of experience in areas including nuclear operations, licensing, administration and project management.
The UAE's Regulator (FANR) was established on 24 September 2009. From its headquarters in Abu Dhabi, FANR regulates the nuclear sector in the UAE in line with the UAE Nuclear Law, Nuclear Policy, international treaties and international best practices. FANR is responsible for regulating the design, siting, construction, operation and decommissioning of all nuclear facilities in the UAE including nuclear power plants. It promotes the highest standards of nuclear safety, nuclear security and radiological protection.
FANR website: http://www.fanr.gov.ae