IAEA Siting Mission to UAE, Abu Dhabi, December 2011
The UAE’s main objective in embarking on a nuclear programme is to use nuclear power for electricity production s and ensure that it is implemented in a safe and secure manner. To this end, the UAE is laying the foundation for a sustainable national infrastructure to render governmental, legal, regulatory, managerial, technological, human and industrial support for the nuclear programme throughout its life cycle. The UAE recognizes compliance with international obligations, internationally accepted nuclear safety standards, and security guidelines and safeguards requirements, which are essential for establishing a responsible nuclear power programme. The UAE has concluded all major international agreements in the areas of nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear safety and security.
UAE formally established the independent nuclear safety regulator, Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation
(FANR) in 2009. Later in 2009, the Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation
(ENEC) was established as a commercial entity responsible for deployment and operation of nuclear power plants in the UAE.
In September 2009, Federal Law Decree No.6 of 2009, the “Nuclear Law”, was issued providing for the development of a comprehensive system for licensing and control of nuclear material, as well as the official establishment of FANR to oversee the UAE’s nuclear energy sector in the area of safety, security, and safeguards.
ENEC has since selected a site for construction of its first nuclear power plant, and has chosen a prime contractor to design, construct, and jointly operate future nuclear plants.
In December 2009, ENEC announced that it had selected a team led by Korea Electric Power Corporation
(KEPCO) to design, build, and jointly operate civil nuclear power plants for the UAE’s nuclear energy programme. The KEPCO team will design, build, and jointly operate four 1,400 megawatts civil nuclear power units. The first of the four units is scheduled, pending regulatory approvals, to begin providing electricity to the grid in 2017, with the three later units to be completed by 2020.
Nuclear Infrastructure Development Programme Developments
UAE has progressed well in the establishment of required nuclear infrastructure and in accordance with IAEA guidance and international best practices. Advanced Institutional and legal infrastructure have been developed in the areas of nuclear safety, nuclear security, non-proliferation, safeguards and nuclear liability. Consistent with UAE transparent approach, and upon UAE request, IAEA conducted peer review missions to assess the development of required nuclear infrastructure. The outcomes of these missions have been positive and demonstrated UAE responsible approach in following IAEA guidance. The following are examples of IAEA review missions conducted in the UAE in relation to infrastructure development.
IAEA Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review Mission to the UAE
IAEA INIR Mission to UAE, Abu Dhabi,
The Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review
(INIR) mission was conducted in order to evaluate the progress made by the UAE in the development of the nuclear infrastructure recommended by the IAEA. The integrated mission consisted of experts from different technical backgrounds, providing a holistic overview of national infrastructure development through interviews, site visits and document reviews.
The INIR Mission concluded that the UAE maintains one of the most advanced nuclear infrastructures among those IAEA’s Member States currently developing their first nuclear power plant project. Suggestions and recommendations to improve UAE’s national action plan are provided in a report to the United Arab Emirates. UAE has made the report available publicly and can be downloaded below:
IAEA Integrated Regulatory Review Service Mission to the UAE
IAEA IRRS Mission to UAE, Abu Dhabi, December 2011
The Integrated Regulatory Review Service
(IRRS) is one of the services offered to Member States by the IAEA. Conducted upon the invitation of the UAE, the purpose of this IRRS mission was to review the effectiveness of the UAE framework for safety as implemented by the country’s nuclear regulatory body, FANR. The mission also addressed the establishment of the safety infrastructure to support the rapidly developing nuclear power programme.
The review mission noted a list of good practices in the UAE regulatory framework and made recommendations and suggestions to FANR. The report is made publicly and can be downloaded below:
International Advisory Board
Another step toward ensuring transparency and adequacy of nuclear infrastructure development was to establish a mechanism for independent evaluation of UAE progress across the nuclear sector. In this regard, the UAE has established an International Advisory Board
(IAB), which meets twice a year to review the overall programme progress. The IAB is the advisory body composed of internationally recognized experts. IAB’s mission is to review the progress toward achieving and maintaining the highest standards of safety, security, non-proliferation, transparency, and sustainability in the UAE. IAB publishes its report twice a year and is made public.
IAB reports are available for download in the documents
section of this website.